Concrete has got to be one of the most ubiquitous and adaptable materials. It has been a favoured material for construction for many years, at least back till the Roman times. Concrete has been used for roads, buildings, dams, art, interiors; it’s a huge part of the world around us. At Fluid Stone, we are well aware of its value and utility.
We have put together a list of 10 concrete structures to show you how impressive concrete can really be.
Two St Peter’s Square, Manchester, England
This is a high-rise office building located in Central Manchester, designed by SimpsonHaugh and Partners. The decorative facades on the building could only be constructed in precast concrete, and their complexity shouldn’t be underestimated. They are essentially a series of concrete sculptures.
The Pentagon, Virginia, USA
The Pentagon is an icon when it comes to American architecture. It required 410,00 cubic yards of concrete in order to construct this masterpiece back in the 1940s.
Christ the Redeemer, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
This is the famous statue of Jesus in Brazil, and is one of the most well-known examples of concrete being used for sculpture. It is also the largest Art Deco sculpture in the world, standing over one of the largest cities.
Guggenheim Museum, New York, USA
The sleek spiral design to this structure gives it a very contemporary aesthetic. It has featured in many movies due to its interesting and striking shape.
Grande Dixence Dam, Hérémence, Switzerland
The Grande Dixence Dam is the largest gravity dam in the world. It took 212 million cubic feet of concrete to make, weighing 25 million tons – which means it’s heavier than the Great Pyramid of Cheops.
Wotruba Church, Vienna, Austria
This uniquely designed brutalist church can be considered more as art than architecture and was designed by a sculptor called Fritz Wotruba and an Architect ned Fritz G. Mayr. 152 blocks of concrete varying greatly in size hold each other up in a random and abstract way.
The Pantheon, Rome, Italy
This is one of the best examples of Roman architecture, formly being a Roman temple, and is now a Catholic church. Its dome is 2,000 years old and is the largest unreinforced concrete dome in the world.
Bruder Klaus Kapelle, Mechernich, Germany
The interior of this chapel is the cavity left behind from 112 tree trunks burnt out to cast the concrete walls. Twenty-four layers of concrete were poured into a frame surrounding the trunks to form this structure.
The Hoover Dam, Nevada, USA
It took 4,360,000 cubic yards of concrete to build the Hoover Dam, which created Lake mead. In 1935, when it was completed, it was the largest dam in the world.
Lake Ponchartrain Causeway Bridge, Louisiana, USA
This bridge is road access across Lake Pontchartrain, spanning for 24 miles. At the midpoint, you can’t see land on either side. It required thousands of concrete pilings for the construction.